Subject for Maldives

Subject for Maldives

    the moldive Islands

    The Maldives (English: Maldive Islands) a series of atolls (an archipelago of islands), located just north of the equator in the Indian Ocean, and within the borders of the continent of Asia, where the number of islands about 1,200 islands, of which 200 islands are inhabited , which it is characterized by low rise; there is no higher than a no island of which about 7.8 feet (about 2 m) above sea level, making it vulnerable to erosion, in addition to its exposure to the risk of high waves; where she was severely damaged; due to the tsunami in 2004, it is worth noting that the Maldives is characterized by medical beauty Tha, and picturesque scenery; wherein swaying palm trees, white sandy beaches, as well as the deep blue lakes.

    The population of the Maldives

    Evolution of the population of the Maldives remarkable development since the beginning of its inception to the present; in 1950, the population of inhabited islands were populated about 73 714 inhabitants, a population density reached 245.71 inhabitants per km², after gaining independence, the population began to rise; where almost doubled by 1978, the population growth rate of its peak reached in 1985, 3.67%, and with a population of about 189 637 people, and in 2010, the population of the islands reached about 364 511 people, with an average growth rate of 2.71%, has been shown according to statistics in 2018 that the population of the islands has risen to reach about people 444 259, WABC A population of about spyware 1480.86 inhabitants per km², and thus occupies 11th place among the most densely populated countries in the world; by virtue of the geographical area of ​​relatively few, which is estimated at about 300 square kilometers.

    Maldives climate

    Is prevailing in the Maldives climate is arid climate, and sunny, where the prevailing dry atmosphere, and moderate between the months of December / December and March / March; because of the presence of the northeastern monsoon winds that bring the dry wind, moderate, and the average annual temperature during the the same period, between 24 ° -30 ° (76-86 ° F), while the average annual rate of rainfall, it has reached about 2,130 mm (84 inches).

    The economic side of the Maldives

    Is the Maldives one of the poorest countries in the world, and the per capita income is among the lowest in the world; the economic situation of the country is relatively weak, which mainly depends on the tourism sector, the industry boats, the fishing sector, which includes about a quarter of the labor force in the country, as the local population works in the collection of the fruits of the coconut, planting vegetables, melons, grains, sweet potatoes, potatoes regular, tropical fruit, though, the Maldives imports of food resources, food major, such as rice, from the outside, as imported medicines, And For textiles, petroleum products, and exported mainly tuna. [3] In terms of numbers, we find that the GDP of Maldives amounted to about $ 2.27 billion in 2013, and reached the annual per capita GDP to $ 9,100 for the same year, the unemployment rate has reached 28 %, in addition to about $ 890 million of external debt.

    The main islands in the Republic of Maldives

    Republic of Maldives comprises about 1,200 islands, and in the following most important of these islands:

    • Mali Island: It is the capital of the Republic of Maldives, with a population of about 92 555 people, and despite its small geographical area of ​​the island, they represent one of the most urban population density in the world, as Mali, the island represents the administrative center, the trade, the main port of the Republic of Maldives.
    • Holhomali Island: It is an artificial island, created by human in 2002; in order to accommodate the population of the Republic, and keep up with the large population growth; where a population of about 2,866 people, it is worth mentioning that the island is characterized by lower unit of pollution compared to the rest of the Republic Islands, it also includes a number of huts, houses frequented by tourists and visitors.
    • Fumlk Island: It is the most beautiful islands of the Republic of Maldives, knowing that a population of about 12.380 inhabitants, it is worth mentioning that the island is characterized by the existence of many fish in, such as the thickness of Katilhe, birds, like a bird Moors, and spread on the wet land of many crops, such as: sweet potatoes, mango, orange, guava, plus it includes two lakes of fresh water, forests, and swamps.
    • Villingili Island: inhabited by about 6,956 people, it is worth mentioning that the competent authorities examined the exploitation of the island; to alleviate the population density of the capital of Mali; where the government has been in partnership with the private sector to build 100 residential villas, knowing that Villingili island is characterized by an abundance of marine life in their surroundings , it also offers the standard of living is cheaper than the capital (Mali Island), but it is in fact suffering from the growing problem of pollution; because of its proximity Thilafusha Island, which is a center; to burn most of the waste in the country.

    High-profile events in the history of Maldives

    Maldives passed through its history, a series of important events that have had a prominent impact on the present and future, the most important of these events:

    • The entry of Islam and Muslims to the Maldives during the twelfth century.
    • Maldives to undergo the rule of the Portuguese State in 1558, where their rule ended in 1573 AD, and after the expulsion of the local population of the island.
    • Turning the Maldives into a protectorate state for the first time, the Dutch rulers of Sri Lanka during the seventh century AD.
    • Subject to the Maldives to protect the British rulers after they took control of Sri Lanka in 1796.
    • Bend Maldives officially to protect Britain, while retaining internal self-government, where he was in 1887.
    • Neil Maldives full independence, and its transformation into an independent sultanate from the British Commonwealth in 1965.
    • Sultan Ibrahim Nasser took the rule of the Maldives after a referendum in 1968.
    • Sultan Ibrahim Nasser stepped down from the rule of the Maldives, Maumoon Abdul Gayoom took place rule in 1978.
    • Tourism sector growth significantly in 1980, and its contribution to actors in the economic growth of the Maldives.
    • Took opposition leader Mohamed Nasheed Presidency of the Maldives after he managed to win over his rival in the presidential elections in 2008.
    • The departure of the country's President Mohamed Nasheed after the implementation of a military coup in 2012.
    • Took opposition leader Ibrahim Mohamed presidency of the country in Abu Bakr bin Yahya al-Suli sudden, unexpected, after his victory over his rival in the election, former President Abdullah right, where he was in 2018.

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